You are free to alter the punctuation just before a closing quotation mark. Visit our handout on paraphrase and summary. help to writing essay with good conclusion On the other hand, the presence of quotation marks does not remove the necessity of using other punctuation which is required for independent reasons. You would not read the parenthetical note.
Each verb has its own nuance. If the omitted text occurs between sentences, then put a space after the period at the end of sentence, and follow that by an ellipsis. help to write research paper outline owl purdue You should not insert additional punctuation marks into the sentence merely to warn the reader that a quotation is coming up:
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A sentence containing a quotation is punctuated exactly like any other sentence apart from the addition of the quotation marks. And note also that sic is not used merely to emphasize part of a quotation: If you do want to emphasize part of a quotation, you do so by placing that part in italics , but you must show that you are doing this. The first quotation is a complete sentence and therefore gets an initial capital letter ; the second is not a complete sentence and hence receives no capital. Suppose I want to cite a famous passage from the eighteenth-century French writer Alexis de Tocqueville:
Now try it with conventional punctuation: Weaving the phrases of others into your own prose offers a stylistically compelling way of maintaining control over your source material. Look once more at two versions of the Edison sentence:
There is one situation in which the use of single quotes instead of double quotes can be rather a nuisance. Note that most scientific writing relies on summary rather than quotation. But the introduction alone is not enough.
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Things can get a little complicated when you cite a quotation that has another quotation inside it. Here, putting the full stop inside the closing quotes, as required by the conventionalists, would produce an idiotic result, since the whole point of the quotation is that the lamented general didn't live long enough to finish it. best writing paper airplane Letting your reader know exactly which authorities you rely on is an advantage: In On Revolution , Hannah Arendt points to the role the Romans played in laying the foundation for later thinking about the ethics of waging war: These are not part of their quotations, and so the logical view places them outside the quote marks, while the conventional view places them inside, on the theory that a closing quote should always follow another punctuation mark.
If you opt for logical punctuation, you will have the satisfaction of knowing that you are on the side of the angels, but you should also expect some grim opposition from the other side. The number of students are [ sic ] larger than usual. best mba essay writing service in australia Here are some examples, all of which are meant to be direct quotations:
Never allow the quotation to do your work for you. Hence the first two of the following are bad style , and the third one is wrong: When Elizabeth reveals that her younger sister has eloped, Darcy drops his customary reserve: Occasionally you may find it necessary to interrupt a quotation you are citing in order to clarify something.
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The full-sentence introduction to a block quotation helps demonstrate your grasp of the source material, and it adds analytical depth to your essay. You could, however, strengthen your analysis by demonstrating the significance of the passage within your own argument. This happens when the passage you are quoting contains a mistake of some kind, and you want to make it clear to your reader that the mistake is contained in the original passage, and has not been introduced by you. If you opt for logical punctuation, you will have the satisfaction of knowing that you are on the side of the angels, but you should also expect some grim opposition from the other side. As a general rule, British usage has in the past usually preferred single quotes for ordinary use, but double quotes are now increasingly common; American usage has always preferred double quotes.
In the following passage, the parenthetical reference to the author does not adequately identify the source:. The introduction can be an independent clause:. Which view should we prefer?
You should not insert additional punctuation marks into the sentence merely to warn the reader that a quotation is coming up: You would not read the parenthetical note. What dire offense from amorous causes springs, What mighty contests rise from trivial things. Long quotations almost invariably need to be followed by extended analysis.